Migration and Climate change
The IOM Mali applies its comprehensive migration management approach to the complex linkages between climate change, the environment and migration. In coordination with the Ministry of Environment and Sanitation, IOM helps to reduce the vulnerability of populations exposed to environmental risks factors and builds the capacity of the Malian Government and other stakeholders to face the challenge of environmental migration.
“Support the national and local institution of Mali to prevent environmental migration in their strategy of reducing the vulnerability of climate change.”
As part of this project financed by the IOM Funds for Development, IOM and AEDD organized two workshops in Sikasso (24-25 august 2016) and in Bamako (20-21 september 2016) based on the adaptation of tools and skills to adjust to the negative effects of climate change related to migration with main objectives of :
- Strengthen the capacity of all participants on appropriate tools and skills of adaptation on negative effects of climate change related to migration.
- Facilitate and contribute to the integration of migration linked to climate change in programs and projects.
- Present OIM’s role in term of climate change management.
- Present briefly the results of the study of climate change thematic and migration.
Facts and Numbers
- The surveys conducted on the field as part of this project have permitted to get the key data on environmental migration and climate change in the country.
- The surveyed population affirm that their everyday life has been affected by events linked to temperature increase (dryness and time of heatwave), and also to problems related to water (variation of rainfall, flooding and water pollution).
- 93% of households surveyed during the investigation quote at least one environmental or climatic phenomenon they consider to be a factor of migration in the country (only 7% has no answer).
- Each of the 935 households surveyed quote at least one climatic factor that may influence others localities to migrate towards their places. Due mainly to dryness (435), flooding (357) and desertification (354).
- The 935 households surveyed identified dryness (405) as main factor of moving from their localities towards other region, following by rainfall variation (296), water pollution (292) and finally the heatwave (283).
- Mali : migrations environnementales et climatiques – Available very soon
For more information on IOM’s role on the migration thematic, environment and climate change: http://www.environmentalmigration.iom.int/fr